Different Types of Saws & Their Uses – Which is Right For You?

If you are thinking of setting up a home workshop, you need the right equipment and tools for that. The list of the necessary tools is long. A saw is one of the necessities. Saws have been in use for a long time and are generally used for cutting logs of woods. They are also used for building projects. Their basic function is to slit and pierce through products by sawing. The article provides you with a list of the various types of saws that are commonly used during projects, along with their individuality uses.

Different Types of Saws:

As we already said, saws are an integral instrument used during projects and home workshops. To make it easier for you to select from the several varieties of saws available, we have categorised saws into two main groups:

Hand Saws

As the name suggests, they have manually used saws. They are non powered machines. Their basic function is obviously to cut through surfaces, but is handheld. Below provided is a list of the various types of hand saws available:

Different Types of hand saws

Popularly called panel saws, hand saws are mainly developed for hand use. Hand saws can be further subdivided into two main types:

  • Coping saw

It is one such type of hand saw which can be used for both internal and external cutting during projects. Coping saws are a category of bow saws. It has a narrow and fine blade, made from a steel alloy. The blade is locked on both sides to provide a secure attachment and is fixed and stretched between a steel structure. The saw has teeth facing downwards and works with a pull stroke. The reason why people prefer using this handheld saw is that coping saws can pierce through even a cutout or a hole. These saws are specially used for cutting wooden moldings. It can also be used to cut through aluminum pipeworks.

  • Hack Saw

Hack saw is another type of saw which falls under the category of hand saws. These saws have been specifically developed to cut through metal surfaces. Its mechanism is closely related to that of a coping saw. The blades are finely sharpened, which gives you the best cuts. This type of saws has a C shaped structure. The teeth are upwardly placed generally, but sometimes downwardly too. The C shaped structure keeps the blade in its position while the machine is used for cutting through any structure. However, you must ensure that the material you need to cut through is placed in a vise. The blade of the hack saw typically measures about 10 to 12 inches. The length varies according to the model and the manufacturer.

Powered Saws

Now that you have come to know about the different varieties of hand saws, let’s read the various power saws in detail. As is evident from the name, these are mechanically powered machines. They don’t require manual effort for functioning. They require any source of power which would allow them to cut through any surface. Various types of power saws are available which are used for different purposes. Let’s go through the varieties one by one:

Different Types of Power Saws :

Just like hand saws, power saws are too subdivided into several categories. All of the types consume power from any power source for their functioning. Below given are some of the best types of power saws:

  • Chain saw

If you are up to cutting big lumbers, using the chain saw would be the best. Chain saws can easily cut large chunks of wood. These are automatically powered handheld saws. The chain saw has an arrangement of teeth along the rotating chain. The toothed chain rotates throughout a steel board cutting through the timber. When the chain starts to rotate, it slits through the wood great force using very high power. In most cases, a chain saw use the gasoline power to function. Some are driven are electric motor. There’s a clutch attached to the chain. It protects the operator of the chainsaw. To provide operators with additional protection, the chainsaw has a clutch that doesn’t allow the engine to get overheated. The chain saw has a guide bar which is made up of steel compounds. Hence, it’s durable.

  • Circular Saw

For activities that need a more hands-on approach, the circular saw is most suitable. There are various types of circular saws, however. They are mostly used in construction projects. They are comparatively lightweight than the rest of the powered saws and are available in handheld designs. However, while cutting through any surface, one has to push the circular saw manually. Circular saws operate using a blade which rotates when it cuts through any surface or material. This saw is portable and hence people can carry it to any place they want. For using this saw, you need to lead it through the material while holding the material tightly. With its sharply cut teeth, the blade would make a fine, precise cut on the material while spinning. This is an electrically powered saw which is most preferred by users.

  • Band Saw

This is a motionless power saw, which means they cannot be shifted once installed. It has interchangeable blades using which it can pierce and penetrate through a lot of surfaces. The band saw consists of an extended blade that can be used by inserting material into it manually. If you need a curved or straight cut on any surface, band saws are the best type of machines you can use. Not only that, one can use it to cut any surface into several shapes. The blade consists of varying types of saw teeth, which can cut through the surfaces differently. The larger the size of the band saw, the longer would be the blade.

  • Jigsaw

Another powerful power saw is the Jigsaw. It’s a beveling mechanism of up to 45 degrees, allowing users to cut through a lot of surfaces. If you want a detailed cutting this power saw would be the best. Also, if you have to reach out to regions that are difficult to cut, you can use it. The jigsaw needs a powered motor for functioning. This saw can easily be powered because of the thin structure of the blade. The blade has teeth of varying sharpness for cutting as per the user’s need. The kind of material you can cut through depends on the girth of the blade. Usually, jigsaws are best suited for cutting out detailed and minute curves. With the help of jigsaws, you can cut out materials like carpet, concrete, ceramic tiles, countertops, miter saw, and metals.

  • Miter saw

If you need to make angled cuts, using the miter saw would be the best option. It has circular blades that are pulled down on the surface that you have to cut. This mode of mechanism has made it safe to be used. The circular blade of the miter saw can be swapped with that of a table saw if you want more flexibility. Its blades are either 10 or 20° size, manufactured from carbon steel. Some are even coated for a better experience. Miter saws give you the exact precise cuts. Hence, miter saws are the best option to use for cutting joints which need exact fitting.

  • Table Saw

The table saw has a tabletop cutting type. Once the wood has been fixed, you need to push it towards the blade for cutting. The mechanism of this machine is just the opposite to that of the circular saw. Unlike circular saws, you don’t have to hit the saw towards the surface. The table saw has a fixed circular blade attached to it. The depth of the blade is easy to be adjusted, hence allowing you to cut through the wood in so many ways. The cutting blade is fixed as the center of the saw and extends upwards as it cuts through the timber. In today’s market, there are innumerable varieties of table saws available. The most commonly used ones are Jobsite, benchtop, compact, cabinet, sliding, contractor, etc.

Which is the right type for you? 

The saws listed above have various uses. However, powered saws are most convenient to be used because they are power-driven. You don’t have to manually use them for cutting through materials and surfaces. Thus, they are easier to be used and consume less time to finish your work. Using any power-driven saw would give you precise cuts and best results. Now that you know the various types of saws and their individual uses, you can choose the right one as per your need and requirement.

Sawing is a necessary step when it comes to metal works, woodworking, or DIY projects. It is the only process by which one can cut materials in the required size and also helps you measure the surface that you have to cut. No matter what project you are willing to take up, you have to cut out materials to the perfect size. Luckily, there are varieties of saws available that would help you in cutting out the materials precisely. Every person doing a DIY project must have at least the seven main varieties of saws with them. They are a traditional handsaw, a hacksaw, coping saw, jigsaw, circular saw, miter saw and a chain saw. Know how to use each of these saws and get ready to ace any DIY project you want to take up.

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